A usual component of infertility treatment involves medications. Fertility drugs are often used to prepare the body for assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments and to increase the number of healthy eggs released from the ovaries. A reproductive specialist will evaluate your condition and determine which medications are best for your situation.
Clomiphene citrate (Serophene or Clomid) are medications used to treat ovulatory dysfunction. These drugs work by increasing the amount of FSH secreted by the pituitary gland. Clomid is often used in women who have infrequent or absent periods, and it stimulates ovulation. The risks and side effects of Clomid include multiple pregnancy, headaches, blurred vision, mood swings, depression, miscarriage, and ovulation hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).
Also called Femera, letrozole was first used to treat postmenopausal women with breast cancer. This drug was found to be as effective as Clomid for inducing ovulation, but is used less frequently.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Gonal-F and Follistim are fertility drugs that mimic FSH, a pregnancy hormone. These drugs are created using recombinant DNA technology. FSH is the hormone that stimulates the ovaries to grow and mature. Taken via self-injection, these drugs are often used during intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Two purified forms of FSH taken from post-menopausal women’s urine are Bravelle and Fertinex. These drugs are less potent than FSH. Potential side effects and risks of these drugs include breast tenderness, increase chance of miscarriage, premature delivery, depression, multiple births, and mood swings.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Ovidrel, Pregnyl, and Novarel are drugs that mimic the hormone LH, which is naturally occurring in the body. LH triggers ovulation, and the drugs are made of the urine from pregnant women. Injectable LH drugs are used during IUI and IVF treatment.
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
GnRH is an injected used to stimulate the production of FSH and LH, which is secreted from the pituitary gland. Factrel and Lutrepulse are name brands of GnRH. Side effects and risks of these drugs include nausea, headaches, multiple births, abdominal pain, and bloating.
Antagon and Cetrotide are fertility drugs known as gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists. These medications work against the hormones FSH and LH in the body, which suppresses ovulation. GnRH antagonist will prevent eggs from being lost inside the body before they are retrieved for IVF cycles.
Synarel, Lupron, and Zoladex are fertility drugs known as GnRH agonists. These drugs cause an initial surge in LH and FSH production and then cause the body to stop production of LH and FSH. Used for IVF treatment, GnRH agonist prevent ovulation and limit the amount of estrogen. Potential side effects include headaches, hot flashes, insomnia, mood swings, and vaginal dryness.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropins (hMG)
Repronex, Pergonal, Humergon, and Menopur are fertility drugs that are composed of FSH and LH. Called human menopausal gonadotropins, these drugs are used in special cases to stimulate multiple egg production. hMG drugs are administered via self-injection. Potential side effects include abdominal pain, bloating, breast tenderness, and increased chance of miscarriage.
An oral medication used to reduce prolactin release from the pituitary is bromocriptine (Parlodel). The side effects of this drug include nasal congestion, nausea, vomiting, headache, and dizziness.
Injections of progesterone are given to prepare the placenta for embryo implantation. This drug can also be administered by pill, vaginal gel, or suppository.
The top fertility clinics in Los Angeles metro are Pacific Reproductive Center. The Centers are located in Glendale, Torrance, Corona and Irvine. Board Certified California reproductive endocrinologists offer all types of IVF, ICSI, hormonal treatments and medications. Call us today for top LA fertility treatment!