A fertility clinic can offer many options for gay and lesbian family building. We have helped individuals and couples from all over the globe to build families using assisted reproductive procedures. Our goal is to ensure that each patient is comfortable through the entire treatment process.
Reproductive Options for Lesbian Women
Family planning for lesbian women and couples usually involves assisted reproductive technology. Same-sex females will need to choose a sperm donor. Questions for lesbian couples to consider include:
- Which partner will provide the eggs?
- Who will carry the baby?
- Who will donate the sperm?
Lesbian couples and single women now have the option of conceiving using intrauterine insemination (IUI). In order to maximize the chances of conception, the fertility specialist selects the best treatment for each client. For older women, this may involve hormonal treatments prescribed along with the insemination, or in vitro fertilization (IVF) could be necessary.
Many lesbian couples, one female can donate the egg and the other partner can carry the pregnancy. In order to become pregnancy, the egg is fertilized with donor sperm in the laboratory, and resulting embryos are transferred to the other partner’s uterus. With IUI, the donor sperm is inserted into the recipient’s uterus. Sperm can be from a friend, a relative, or an anonymous donor.
Reproduction Options for Gay Men
Gay men and couples wishing to have a baby can do this using a gestational surrogate. The surrogate is a woman who donates the egg and carries the baby. The partner providing the sperm must have a semen analysis to assess sperm volume, count, motility, and concentration. The sperm is combined with donor eggs in the laboratory. Some questions for same-sex males to consider include:
- Who will donate the eggs?
- Whose sperm will be used?
- Who will carry the baby?
Single gay men or gay couples can build their families using donor eggs, their own sperm, and a surrogate (woman who carries the pregnancy to term). IVF is used to fertilize the eggs with the male’s sperm, and the resulting embryos are transferred into the gestational carrier’s uterus. When using egg donors and surrogate carriers, pregnancy rates are high, because the donors are young and healthy.
The egg donors are selected through a partnered surrogate agency, who provides the client(s) with attorneys specializing in reproductive law. The fertility clinic provides guidance and compassion, along with exceptional care in coordinating the third party reproductive cycle.
For lesbian couples, and gay men who have problems with fertility, sperm donation can be used. A sperm donor can be chosen through a sperm bank, or the client(s) can use a known donor. All persons donating sperm must be carefully screened for sexually transmitted diseases and genetically transferred conditions. When using a donor, testing includes:
- Semen analysis
- Urine analysis for chlamydia and gonorrhea
- Blood analysis for infectious diseases
- Psychological counseling
Egg Donor Screening
The egg donor is screened from both a medical and psychological perspective. A board-certified fertility specialist screens the woman using a comprehensive family history and complex physical examination. Psychological testing involves evaluating the donor for mental health problems. In addition, blood tests and cultures are used to assess for infectious diseases, including hepatitis C, hepatitis B, HIV, chlamydia, and gonorrhea.
In the majority of cases, the egg donors only become available after the screening is complete and the women meet all guideline requirements. The agency adheres to guidelines from the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), as well as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).