18 Mar How does PCOS affect fertility?
PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common hormone disorder in women of reproductive age. PCOS affects the way the ovaries function and causes irregular ovulation. It contributes to a large percentage of all cases of amenorrhea (the absence of periods for at least six months or three consecutive cycles). PCOS not only causes a delay in menstruation, but also make the uterine lining grow very thick, causing extremely heavy and painful periods.
While the cause of PCOS is still a mystery, it causes a series of hormonal imbalances in the body, including a decrease in estrogen and progesterone, and an increase in the levels of male hormones. These imbalances can several symptoms, such as mood disorders, depression, excess weight, abnormal hair growth and acne. Many women with PCOS also have insulin resistance, which means the body can’t use insulin to metabolize sugar. The pancreas also produces more insulin to meet the demand and the higher levels of insulin may trigger excess androgens release.
All these factors disrupt the production of two important hormones related to ovulation –
- follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- luteinizing hormone (LH)
In an absence of proper hormone production and function, ovaries struggle with egg production. During normal ovulation, several follicles (small sac-like structures which contain immature eggs) grow and develop eggs. Finally, one mature egg is released into the fallopian tubes. In PCOS, this cycle doesn’t go on smoothly. The follicles swell, causing cysts, but the eggs do not mature and ovulation doesn’t occur. A woman, who isn’t ovulating, can’t get pregnant naturally.
However, an experienced fertility doctor can help you with several treatment options if you wish to have a baby, even if you have PCOS.
If you are looking for the best treatment in Glendale CA, call one of the top Los Angeles fertility clinics, Pacific Reproductive Center at 866-423-2645 TODAY! PRC has helped thousands of people fulfill the dream of creating families of their own. LA’s Pacific Reproductive Center will answer all your questions and provide you expert guidance to solve your fertility problems.