What Are Fertility Drugs/Medications?
Fertility medications or drugs are the major treatment options prescribed to women experiencing ovulation disorders. The drugs are either taken orally or injected directly. These drugs help in the release of hormones that trigger and regulate the ovulation process.
For those undergoing different reproductive procedures such as IVF, the medications remain an important part of the fertility treatment. What’s important is to seek advice from a qualified doctor on the best fertility medication that will work for you.
What are the Most Common Fertility Drugs Available?
Serophene or Clomid is considered the first choice because due to its effectiveness in treatment of infertility cases. It is administered to women who cannot ovulate normally. They are termed as estrogen blocking drugs under a drug category known as Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM). These drugs causes the pituitary and hypothalamus gland to release the hormone such as luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and gonadotropin release hormone (GnRH) that stimulates the ovaries to produce eggs. The drugs are used together with artificial insemination or assisted reproductive techniques.
What are the Side Effects of Clomiphene or Clomid?
Approximately, 60 to 80 percent of women ovulate and around half of them get pregnant after taking Clomiphene. Most of them get pregnant within 3 cycles.
But, the drug has some side effects such as:
- Blurred vision
- Hot flashes
Clomid can also result in changes of the cervical mucus which makes it difficult to tell if a person is fertile or not. Further, it may deter sperms from getting into the uterus. Like many other fertility drugs, Clomid can increase chances of getting multiple births, although it is less likely to cause major problems as compared to various injectable hormones.
What are the Injectable Hormones for Infertility?
If Clomid does not work for you, your Los Angeles fertility doctor may propose injectable hormones that will stimulate ovulation. They include:
- Follicle stimulating hormones such as Fertinex, Bravelle and follistim that stimulate eggs growth
- Gonadotrophin Releasing Hormone such as Lutrepulse and Factrel that stimulate the release of Luteinizing hormone and FSH from the pituitary glands.
- Human Menopause Gonadotrophin such as Repronex, Pergonal, Metrodin and These combines both the Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and FSH.
- Human Chronic Gonadotropin such as Ovidrel, Novarel and profasi. These are used together with fertility drugs to initiate the release of mature eggs by the ovaries.
- Gonadotrophin-releasing Hormone Agonists such as Synarel, Zoladex and Lupron
These hormones are used to control or stimulate ovulation as a method of treating infertility cases. These hormones are administered through injections and the doses depend on the rate of use. Some are injected underneath the skin and others into the muscles. Other areas where injection are done include upper arm, buttocks, upper thigh and stomach. The hormones have a high success rate of triggering ovulation in women and 50% of getting pregnant.
Once the hormones are injected, patient may experience effects such as infections, tenderness, bruising at the injected area or bruising. Further, there the patient may experience ovarian hyperstimulation, a condition where the ovaries becomes tender and enlarged.
Other Fertility Drugs
Other fertility drugs include;
Antagon: These drugs helps to reduce premature ovulation for those who have undergoing infertility procedures. The side effects include fetal death, headache and stomachache.
Aspirin: A drug used to prevent miscarriage risks cases. Consult your doctor before taking any prescription.
Heparin: A drug used to reduces miscarriage risks to women who experience repeated miscarriages.
Remember to consult with Pacific Reproductive Center before taking any of the medications. This way, you will reduce chances of side effects. Dr. Salem and the providers at the top Los Angeles fertility clinics offer comprehensive treatment options to help you and your loved ones achieve your fertility goals.
Call today for the top fertility specialist Los Angeles trusts!