03 Feb Pacific Reproductive Center: A New Year means, A New Beginning in Fertility Health – “Helping Create New Families Every Day”
Thinking of starting a family or making a beautiful new addition to it? Have you tried and failed? Do you have questions or concerns? It may seem that it’s the end of the road but there may still be hope. At Pacific Reproductive Center, our experienced clinicians use the best technologies available in fertility health to provide desiring families a renewed chance at having a child.
Fertility health is complex. What used to be deemed as infertility may have a shot today with assisted reproductive techniques that are advancing every year. What used to be conditions of unknown fertility status now have discrete diagnoses and many with treatments too. While there still are scenarios where conception is not possible, it is extremely beneficial to explore the possibilities. It’s a new year and if you wish to have a child then take your first step with us.
Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying (or six months if a woman is 35 or older). Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be considered as infertile. According to CDC, about 10 percent of women in the United States ages 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant. But infertility is not the women’s problem only. In fact, infertility is purely due to male causes in about one-third of the cases, primarily due to unhealthy spermatozoa and/or heated testicles (undescended or due to varicocele). Other factors that affect male fertility include heavy alcohol use, drugs, smoking cigarettes, older age, environmental toxins, mumps, kidney disease, endocrine disorders, radiation treatment and chemotherapy for cancer, etc.
Infertility can occur if there are problems with female ovulation, damaged/disrupted female reproductive tract preventing the egg to pass through the fallopian tubes to the uterus), man’s sperm not being enough in quantity and motile enough to meet the egg along the way to fertilize it, the fertilized egg being able to implant in the uterus, or the uterus is able to sustain it. The most common causes of female infertility include polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy, physical problems with the uterus such as uterine fibroids, etc. Furthermore, other factors that decrease women’s fertility include increasing age, smoking, excess alcohol use, stress, poor diet, athletic training, being overweight or underweight, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), etc.
Based on the underlying cause, the treatment options for infertility vary. It can be treated with medicine, surgery, assisted reproductive technology, or some combination thereof. In men, issues like premature ejaculation can be addressed with behavioral therapy and/or medicines. Surgery is needed for varicoceles and undescended testes, and antibiotics for STDs.
In women, clomiphene citrate is commonly prescribed for PCOS or other problems with ovulation. Human menopausal gonadotropin is used for women who don’t ovulate due to problems with their pituitary gland. Follicle-stimulating hormone causes the ovaries to begin the process of ovulation. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog may be used for women who don’t ovulate regularly each month. Bromocriptine is used for women with ovulation problems due to high levels of prolactin.
Procedures used to treat infertility include Intrauterine insemination (IUI) in which the woman is injected with specially prepared sperm. IUI is often used to treat mild male factor infertility, cervical mucus issues, and couples with unexplained infertility. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a group of different methods that entail removing eggs from a woman’s body, mixing them with sperm to make embryos and then putting back in the woman’s body.
We offer all the above treatments at Pacific Reproductive Center, in addition to a comprehensive set of diagnostic, therapeutic and counseling services to couples in need of fertility advice.