Around 7.3 million Americans (12% of the teen and adult population) are infertile, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). While infertility can take a huge toll on your mental health, fertility treatments have improved greatly over the last four decades. Science keeps advancing, and the success rates continue to improve. More babies are born using assisted reproductive technology (ART) today than ever. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), more than 50% of couples with fertility issues become pregnant using ART.
The technique you need will depend on the cause of the infertility. Costs vary according to which procedure you require. Many facilities offer a shared risk program, which gives you back a portion of the fee if treatment is not successful. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has compiled success rates based on findings of various technologies.
Best for: Women who do not ovulate regularly or men with poor sperm quality. These are not effective for women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes or adhesions related to endometriosis.
How they work: Self-injection or pill form, these drugs release hormones that induce ovulation to stimulate egg production and thicken the endometrial lining of the uterus.
Pros: First choice for fertility treatment due to low cost and convenience.
Cons: Have many side effects, such as hot flashes, bloating, headaches, and nausea. These drugs also carry the risk of premature delivery, multiple pregnancies, and ovarian cyst formation.
Costs – The cost of fertility drugs vary from $50 to $6,500 per cycle, depending on whether you take pill or injectable form and if or not blood tests and ultrasounds are used to monitor progress.
Success rates – Approximately 45% of women who take the pills ovulate and get pregnant, and of these women, 50% go on to deliver a baby.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Best for: men with slow-moving and low quality sperm or those with a low sperm count. Also used for women who produce antibodies to the partner’s sperm or who have scant, thick, or acidic cervical mucus.
How it works: The sperm are washed using a concentration procedure and then deposited into the uterus using a flexible, thin catheter.
Pros: The procedure is simple and can be performed at the fertility center.
Cons: Could result in multiple births, and fertility drugs are required.
Costs – Between $800-$1,000.
Success rates – Depends on the age of the woman, the quality of the man’s sperm, and the technique of the specialist. Rates are reported at 20% conception per cycle, and a 70% chance of pregnancy after 5-6 cycles.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Best for: Women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes and scarring from endometriosis, as well as older women. Used also for couples with unexplained infertility and men with poor sperm quality.
How it works: The cycle is a multi-step process in which the eggs are extracted and fertilized in the laboratory with the male partner’s sperm. After a few days, resulting embryos are implanted into the woman’s uterus.
Pros: Helps couples with serious fertility problems become parents.
Cons: The treatments are physical demanding, costly, and require fertility drugs.
Costs: Between $7,500 to $10,000 per cycle.
Success rates – Women age 35 and younger have a 41% chance of getting pregnant. For women ages 35 to 37, the rate is 32%, and for women 38 to 40, the rate is 23%.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Best for: Men with low sperm count or poor quality sperm.
How it works: The embryologist selects a single, healthy sperm and injects it directly into the egg using microscopic technology. After an embryo forms, it is transferred to the female’s uterus using IVF.
Pros: Men with problematic sperm can become biological fathers.
Cons: The procedure is costly and requires fertility drugs.
Costs: $1,000 to $2,000 per cycle plus the cost of IVF.
Success rates: Around 35% of couples using ICIS and IVF become pregnant.
Best for: Women with poor quality eggs, older women, and women who carry genetic disorders.
How it works: Eggs are retrieved from another woman and fertilized in the laboratory setting.
Pros: Allows older women with ovarian problems to conceive a child.
Cons: Expensive and requires a rigorous drug regimen.
Cost: Between $15,000 to $30,000.
Success rates: Approximately 55% of women who use donor eggs get pregnant.
The top fertility centers in Los Angeles are Pacific Reproductive Center. With fertility clinics in Torrance, Glendale, Corona and Irvine, Pacific Reproductive Center provides comprehensive options for women trying to achieve their fertility goals. Success rates are impressive, call us today!