Basic Workup for Female Infertility
Among those ages 15 to 44 years, around 10% of women in the United States have trouble getting or staying pregnant. Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. To become pregnant, a woman’s body must release an egg from the ovaries in the process of ovulation. The egg must pass through one of the fallopian tubes to implant into the uterus. Somewhere along the way, the man’s sperm must fertilize (join) the egg. Once this egg is fertilized, it must attach itself to the uterus (implantation). Any problem or interference with this process could result in infertility. To assess female infertility, the fertility specialist uses a variety of techniques.